Understanding the relationship between female employment and fertility is a vital ingredient for effective population policy. This column presents new findings from China based on well over 2000 women between 20 and 52 years old. It finds that non-agricultural jobs for women reduce the number of children per woman by 0.64 and the probability of having more than one child by 54.8%.
Fang, Hai, Karen N. Eggleston, John A. Rizzo, and Richard Zeckhauser. "Jobs and Kids: Female Employment and Fertility in Rural China." Vox. June 5, 2010.