Rodrik, Dani. "Is Liberal Democracy Feasible in Developing Countries?" Studies in Comparative International Development 51.1 (March 2016): 50-59.
Liberal democracy has been difficult to institute and sustain in developing countries. This has to do both with ideational factors-the absence of a liberal tradition prior to electoral mobilization-and structural conditions-the prevalence of mass mobilization along identity rather than class cleavages. This paper considers the conditions under which liberal democracy emerges and speculates about its future in developing countries.