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This article responds to Loïc Wacquant's elaboration of his overarching theoretical framework in his stimulating article ‘Marginality, Ethnicity and Penality in the Neo-liberal City: An Analytic Cartography’. I raise some issues that he might reflect on in his rejoinder to the comments on his essay. These include: (1) the need for greater specification and clarification of explanatory and conceptual variables in the elaboration of his theoretical framework, especially theoretical mechanisms and two key concepts, ‘precariat’ and ‘neo-liberal policy’; and (2) addressing a major study offering empirically based arguments that indirectly challenge assertions in his theoretical framework.


Wilson, William Julius. "Marginality, Ethnicity and Penality: A Response to Loïc Wacquant." Ethnic & Racial Studies 37.10 (October 2014): 1712-1718.