To accelerate the global transition to a low-carbon economy, all energy systems must be actively decarbonized. While hydrogen has been a staple in the energy and chemical industries for decades, clean hydrogen – defined as hydrogen produced from water electrolysis with zero-carbon electricity – has captured increasing political and business momentum as a versatile and sustainable energy carrier in the future carbon-free energy puzzle. But taking full advantage of this potential will require a coordinated effort between the public and private sectors focused on scaling technologies, reducing costs, deploying enabling infrastructure, and defining appropriate policies and market structures. Only in this way can we avoid replicating the system-wide inefficiencies of the past that have characterized regional approaches to deploying new energy infrastructure.
De Blasio, Nicola, Fridolin Pflugmann, Henry Lee, Charles Hua, Alejandro Nunez-Jimenez, and Phoebe Fallon. "Mission Hydrogen: Accelerating the Transition to a Low Carbon Economy." Environment and Natural Resources Program Reports, October 2021.