In Sarah Sewall's chapter, “NATO and Complex Operations: the challenge of responding to mass atrocity,” she urges NATO to incorporate mass atrocity response operations (MARO) into its future mission concept. NATO is largely unprepared for a MARO; yet it has a strong strategic interest in being prepared for one. Sewall discusses the similarities and distinctions of a MARO versus other operations; as well as operational and political implications of such missions.
Sewall, Sarah. "NATO and Complex Operations: The Challenge of Responding to Mass Atrocity." Complex Operations: NATO at War and On the Margins of War. Ed. Christopher M. Schnaubelt. NATO Defense College, 2010, 115-134.