Risse, Mathias. "On the Philosophy of Group Decision Methods I: The Non-Obviousness of Majority Rule." HKS Faculty Research Working Paper Series RWP08-064, November 2008.

Abstract

Majority rule is often adopted almost by default as a group decision rule. One might think, therefore, that the conditions under which it applies, and the argument on its behalf, are well-understood. However, the standard arguments in support of majority rule display systematic deficiencies. This article explores these weaknesses, and assesses what can be said on behalf of majority rule.