William Julius Wilson examines the racial and nonracial political forces as well as the impersonal economic forces that have adversely impacted inner-city areas. He suggests a new policy agenda that reflects an awareness and appreciation of the effects of systemic changes on poor urban neighborhoods.
Wilson, William Julius. "The Political and Economic Forces Shaping Concentrated Poverty." Political Science Quarterly 123.4 (Winter 2008/2009): 555-571.