Risse, Mathias. "On the Significance of Membership in Approaches to Global Justice: Putting Carens in Context." Journal of Applied Philosophy 33.4 (November 2016): 443-449.

Abstract

My main theme is to compare Carens' take on membership with Michael Blake's and mine. Both Carens and Blake think membership matters enormously in the context of global justice. But they develop this point very differently. However, from the standpoint of my theory (pluralist internationalism), Carens' and Blake's accounts have symmetrical shortcomings. Neither view takes a genuinely globally balanced approach to immigration.