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The negotiation literature has extensively examined the topic of power and how it can be wielded. Numerous frameworks have been created and utilized in the various treatises on negotiations; analyzing the power differential in any given situation is a common teaching technique. However, despite this focus on the topic, discussions of power have been mainly focused on negotiations in the private sector. As a result, many of the most common frameworks are oriented toward this type of situation, resulting in a clumsy application to a public-sector negotiation.


Mandell, Brian S., Stephen Petraeus, and Guhan Subramanian. "Sources of Power in Public Negotiations: A Framework Applied to Public-Public and Public-Private Negotiations." Negotiation Journal 36.4 (September 2020): 397-419.