Extracting, delivering, and disposing water requires energy, and similarly, many processes for extracting and refining various fuel sources and producing electricity use water. This so-called 'water–energy nexus', is important to understand due to increasing energy demands and decreasing freshwater supplies in many areas. This paper performs a country-level quantitative assessment of this nexus in the MENA region. Academic area: IGA & MBG Policy Domain: S&T, Public Private, Environment Issues: Innovation, Energy, Climate Region: Middle East, North Africa
Siddiqi, Afreen, and Laura Diaz Anadon. "The Water-Energy Nexus in Middle East and North Africa." Energy Policy 39.6 (August 2011): 4529-4540.