For the past two years, a bipartisan group of researchers and analysts convened by the American Enterprise Institute, the Brookings Institution, and the Harvard Kennedy School’s Project on Workforce has reviewed the evidence on the effectiveness of the United States’ federal-state workforce education and training system. Our group—the Workforce Futures Initiative (WFI)—has reached some surprising and hopefully useful conclusions about how our nation can improve its investments in job training.


Orrell, Brent, Greg Wright, Harry Holzer, Rachel Lipson, and David Deming. "What works in workforce development and how can it work better?" Brookings, March 8, 2023.