What underlying long-term conditions set the stage for the Arab Spring? In recent decades, the Arab region has been characterized by an expansion in schooling coupled with weak labor market conditions. This pattern is especially pronounced in those countries that saw significant upheaval during the first year of the Arab Spring uprisings. We argue that the lack of adequate economic opportunities for an increasingly educated populace can help us understand episodes of regime instability such as the Arab Spring.
Campante, Filipe R., and Davin Chor. "Why was the Arab World Poised for Revolution? Schooling, Economic Opportunities, and the Arab Spring." Journal of Economic Perspectives 26.2 (Spring 2012): 167-188.