The 3rd edition of Women and Men in the Informal Economy estimates that two billion (61 per cent) of the global employed population earn their living in the informal economy (ILO 2018). It shows that informality exists in countries at all levels of socio-economic development. Although it is more prevalent in developing countries than developed countries, informality encompasses a wide range of jobs and economic activities with no work-based social protection: from street vending, home-based work in global and domestic value chains, waste-picking and domestic work to short-term contract work.


Bonnet, Florence, Joann Vanek, and Martha Chen. "Women and Men in the Informal Economy: A Statistical Brief." WIEGO and ILO, January 2019.