Nearly a thousand police officer-involved killings occur each year in the US. A new working paper by Desmond Ang documents the effects of this violence on high-school students' well-being—and finds that more violence leads to lower GPAs, increased incidence of emotional disturbance, and lower graduation and college enrollment rates.
The COVID-19 epidemic has had a major impact on the US economy—particularly on small businesses. A new paper by Edward Glaeser analyzes early surveys of small businesses across the US. He and coauthors find that small businesses have experienced increased financial fragility, mass layoffs and closures, and anticipated bureaucratic difficulty in accessing funding, among other effects.
Why do leaders tend tend to tilt more politically extreme than the typical party member? A new working paper by Richard Zeckhauser, David King, and Benjamin Schneer proposes that party members strategically select leaders extreme enough to aid in negotiations but not so extreme as to lead to total breakdowns in negotiation.