Sustainability Science Program

Chao Zhang

Chao Zhang

Chao ZhangDr. Chao Zhang
Sustainability Science Program
Kennedy School of Government
Mailbox 81
Harvard University
79 JFK Street
Cambridge, MA 02138 USA
Office: 502 Rubenstein Building
Tel:
Email: chao_zhang@hks.harvard.edu
Group affiliation: Giorgio Ruffolo Post-doctoral Research Fellow in Sustainability Science
Based in China

Chao Zhang is a joint Giorgio Ruffolo Post-doctoral Research Fellow in the Sustainability Science Program and the Energy Technology Innovation Policy project, a joint project of the Science Technology and Public Policy Program and the Environment and Natural Resources Program at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs. His research focuses on environmental policy assessment and the role of technologies in achieving sustainability, with emphasis on the application of modeling tools and environmental system analysis methods. Chao is contributing to collaborative work with the Initiative on Sustainable Energy Development in China led by Professor Henry Lee. He received both his PhD in Environmental Science and Engineering (2012) and Bachelor of Engineering in Environmental Engineering (2007) from Tsinghua University. For his PhD dissertation he developed a coupled bottom-up and top-down model to evaluate water pollution reduction potentials in China’s key industries and to simulate the economic and social impacts of alternative water pollution control policies. This research was jointly supported by several projects on environmental technology assessment and policy evaluation funded by the National Science Foundation, China’s Ministry of Environmental Protection, and China’s Ministry of Industry and Information Technology. His faculty host is Henry Lee.

Integrated assessment of environment, energy and resource policies in China
With rapid industrialization and urbanization, China is confronted with many challenges in terms of environment, energy and resources, e.g., large amounts of water and air pollution emissions, a growing gap between energy demand and supply, increasing pressures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and serious water resource scarcity. These problems are closely interrelated to each other through various linkages. Countermeasures aiming at solving any one problem may create positive or negative side-effects. This study will establish an integrated assessment framework incorporating China’s major resource, energy and environmental problems. The core part of the analytical framework is a computable general equilibrium model at national scale, in which resource consumptions (only water and energy-related resources are included at this first stage), energy supply and demand, and pollution abatement and emissions are modeled together with economic activities. The integrated assessment will reveal the characteristics of China’s national resource-energy-environment nexus and its responses to alternative resource/energy/environmental policy interventions.

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