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Dr. Zhu Liu
Sustainability Science Program
Kennedy School of Government
79 JFK Street
Cambridge, MA 02138 USA
Office: 506 Rubenstein Building
Tel: (1) 617-496-0426
Personal website: http://scholar.harvard.edu/zhu
Group affiliation: Giorgio Ruffolo Post-doctoral Research Fellow in Sustainability Science
Zhu Liu is a joint Giorgio Ruffolo Post-doctoral Research Fellow in the Sustainability Science Program and the Energy Technology Innovation Policy project, a joint project of the Science Technology and Public Policy Program and the Environment and Natural Resources Program at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs. His research focuses on energy sustainability in China. Specifically, his work explores options for a low-carbon pathway for China’s sustainable development. Zhu is contributing to collaborative work with the Initiative on Sustainable Energy Development in China led by Professor Henry Lee. He conducted his Doctoral study in Ecology at the Institute of Applied Ecology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) and graduated with CAS highest honor (CAS Presidential Special Award). Zhu received his Ph.D. from the University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (2013), the new educational form of CAS. Zhu was a visiting student at the University of Cambridge (2012). He holds a Bachelor’s degree in Geology from Northwest University (2007) and a Master’s degree in Ecology from China Agricultural University (2009). His research on energy and climate has been published in Nature, Nature Climate Change, PNAS and other professional journals. His faculty host is Henry Lee.
A low-carbon pathway for China’s sustainable development
This study explores options for a low-carbon pathway for China’s sustainable development. Based on state of the art econometric models, this research develops bottom-up energy, water, and emission (including carbon emission and air pollution) inventories, aiming to uncover social and economic driving forces of China’s energy and emission growth. New analytical tools and an accounting framework for evaluating energy technology performance are being designed. China’s national, provincial and cities annually energy use, water consumption, air pollution and carbon emissions are being quantified to determine their relationships at the regional and sectoral level. The research assesses the energy saving and emission mitigation potential of key technologies on the basis of an input-output life-cycle analysis model. Social and economic driving forces of energy/emission/water/carbon variations are identified using a structural decomposition model, revealing co-benefits for energy saving and emissions mitigation. Low carbon scenarios based on factors of energy use and emission baseline, energy-water-carbon nexus, technology development, efficiency improvement as well as social and economic drivers are presented.