Sustainability Science Program

Zhu Liu

Zhu Liu

Zhu LiuDr. Zhu Liu
Sustainability Science Program
Kennedy School of Government
Mailbox 81
Harvard University
79 JFK Street
Cambridge, MA 02138 USA
Office: 503 Rubenstein Building
Tel: (1) 617-384-5737
Personal website:
Group affiliation: Giorgio Ruffolo Post-doctoral Research Fellow

Zhu Liu is a joint Giorgio Ruffolo Post-doctoral Research Fellow in the Sustainability Science Program and the Energy Technology Innovation Policy project, a joint project of the Science Technology and Public Policy Program and the Environment and Natural Resources Program at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs. His research focuses on global sustainability accounting and low carbon energy transition. Zhu is contributing to collaborative work with the Initiative on Sustainable Energy Development in China led by Professor Henry Lee. He conducted his Doctoral study in Ecology at the Institute of Applied Ecology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) and graduated with CAS highest honor (CAS Presidential Special Award). Zhu received his Ph.D. from the University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (2013). Zhu was a visiting student at the University of Cambridge (2012). He holds a Bachelor’s degree in Geology from Northwest University (2007) and a Master’s degree in Ecology from China Agricultural University (2009). His research on energy and climate has been published in Nature, Nature Climate Change, PNAS, and other professional journals. His faculty hosts are Henry Lee and Laura Diaz Anadon.

Designing the sustainability matrix based on input-output model

Consistent and comprehensive assessment of sustainability at the national level is challenging. This research proposes a national sustainability matrix that links an economic input-output model with sustainability indicators. Using China as a case study, the research will construct a sustainability indicator system by using indicators that cover the economy, technology, labor force, natural resources, and environmental impacts. The matrix explores the sectoral volume and intensity of sustainability indicators from both production and consumption perspectives. This research provides a systems perspective to show the trade-offs and structure of sustainability indicators within supply chains and concludes with suggestions for improving sustainability at the national level.

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