Sustainability Science Program

Zhu Liu

Dr. Zhu Liu
Kennedy School of Government
Mailbox 117
Harvard University
79 JFK Street
Cambridge, MA 02138 USA
Office: Non-resident
Group affiliation: Associate

Zhu Liu is an Associate in the Energy Technology Innovation Policy research group at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs. He is also a Resnick Postdoctoral Fellow in Sustainability Science at the California Institute of Technology. His research focuses on global sustainability accounting and low carbon energy transition. Zhu is contributing to collaborative work with the Initiative on Sustainable Energy Development in China led by Professor Henry Lee. He conducted his Doctoral study in Ecology at the Institute of Applied Ecology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) and graduated with CAS highest honor (CAS Presidential Special Award). Zhu received his Ph.D. from the University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (2013). Zhu was a visiting student at the University of Cambridge(2012). He holds a Bachelor’s degree in Geology from Northwest University (2007) and a Master’s degree in Ecology from China Agricultural University (2009). He is a recipient of the Giorgio Ruffolo Post-doctoral Research Fellowship in Sustainability Science (2013, 2014). He is research on energy and climate has been published in NatureNature Climate Change, PNAS, and other professional journals. His faculty host at Harvard is Henry Lee

Designing a sustainability matrix framework to analyze the carbon emission in China and in global cities
Consistent and comprehensive assessment of sustainability is challenging. This research proposes a sustainability matrix that links an economic input-output model with sustainability indicators. Using China as a case study, the research will construct a sustainability indicator system by using indicators that cover the economy, technology, labor force, natural resources, and environmental impacts. The matrix explores the sectoral volume and intensity of sustainability indicators from both production and consumption perspectives. This research provides a systems perspective to show the trade-offs and structure of sustainability indicators within supply chains and concludes with suggestions for improving sustainability at the global and regional level.

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