Journal of Participation and Employee Ownership (JPEO) in the changing world of participative work practices and pay. Richard Freeman, 2018, Paper, "Work practices and modes of pay have changed in recent decades. The combination of an increasingly educated work force, new information and communication technologies, the influx of AI and big data into business practices from production and sales to human resources, the increased importance of teamwork and the growth of non-standard work arrangements which blur the distinction between labor contracts and sales contracts, has combined with globalization of production to create a wide diversity in the way firms, workers, unions and governments interact within organizations and in the broader labor market." Link