Race is one of the most elusive phenomena of social life. While we generally know it when we see it, it's not an easy concept to define. Social science literature has argued that race is a Western concept that emerged with the birth of modern imperialism, whether in the sixteenth century (the Age of Discovery) or the eighteenth century (the Age of Enlightenment). This book points out that there is a disjuncture between the way race is conceptualized in the social sciences and in recent natural science literature. In the view of some proponents of natural-scientific perspectives, race has a biological- and not just a purely social - dimension. The book argues that, to more fully understand what we mean by race, social scientists need to engage these new perspectives coming from genomics, medicine, and health policy.
Hochschild, Jennifer L., and Maya Sen. "Americans' Attitudes on Racial or Genetic Inheritance: Which Is More Predictive?" Reconsidering Race: Social Science and Racial Categories in the Age of Genomics. Ed. Kazuko Suzuki and Diego A. von Vacano. Oxford University Press, 2018.