John Ruggie Photo

John Ruggie

Berthold Beitz Research Professor in Human Rights and International Affairs
Office Address
79 John F. Kennedy St. Belfer Bldg 404
Ruggie, John Gerard, and Emily K. Middleton. "Money, Millennials and Human Rights: Sustaining ‘Sustainable Investing’." HKS Faculty Research Working Paper Series RWP18-023, August 2018.


The first part of this paper examines the rise and current state of ESG investing. The second addresses the conceptual and statistical weakness of the S domain. The third describes how drawing on internationally recognized human rights standards can strengthen the S and thereby improve the robustness and comparability of ESG aggregations. This should interest investors, issuers, and human rights advocates alike.