Ruggie, John Gerard, and Emily K. Middleton. "Money, Millennials and Human Rights: Sustaining ‘Sustainable Investing’." HKS Faculty Research Working Paper Series RWP18-023, August 2018.
The first part of this paper examines the rise and current state of ESG investing. The second addresses the conceptual and statistical weakness of the S domain. The third describes how drawing on internationally recognized human rights standards can strengthen the S and thereby improve the robustness and comparability of ESG aggregations. This should interest investors, issuers, and human rights advocates alike.